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A Parliamentary panel has recommended that the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) should provide some form of reservation to transgender individuals in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and take steps to recruit them. The Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice, which presented its report on August 3, also supported the recruitment of women. Chaired by an MP, the committee emphasized the need for MHA to encourage women to join the forces as much as possible. The committee suggested exploring a policy that would offer women officers more favorable postings to avoid extremely challenging working conditions unless absolutely necessary in situations like war or armed rebellion, and only when there is a shortage of male personnel. Additionally, the committee recommended extending some form of reservation to transgender individuals and taking steps to integrate them into mainstream society.

As of September 30, 2022, there were 34,278 women personnel in the CAPFs, distributed among various forces. However, the percentage of women in Central Forces remains low, with only a small percentage of vacancies for women being filled. The report highlighted the need to address constraints preventing women from joining the forces and pointed out that there is no specific reservation for women in CAPFs. In 2011, directions were issued to increase the percentage of women in the forces to 5% within three years based on the recommendations of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Empowerment of Women.

Furthermore, the committee suggested exploring the possibility of enacting a law to govern the recruitment of Agniveers, who serve for four years. The committee proposed relaxing age and physical test requirements for paramilitary forces when inducting Agniveers and recommended exploring the idea of implementing an Act to regulate recruitment under this scheme. To prevent disaffection among Agniveers, the committee suggested providing them with reservation or preference in other government jobs after serving their terms, particularly in roles like Police Forces, Parliament Security Service, or other combat forces.

The committee also emphasized the importance of recruiting young individuals from border districts, especially in states affected by militancy or extremism. Special recruitment drives should be conducted to attract local youth from areas like Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, and the North Eastern states. It was recommended that 25% of vacancies in border guarding forces allotted to border districts and areas affected by militancy/LWE should be filled promptly to harness the energy and talent of youth in these regions and prevent them from turning towards extremism or terrorism.

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