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The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Pema Khandu, has emphasized the development of border areas through improved connectivity, communication, and agricultural activities, leading to early signs of reverse migration. Khandu highlighted the government’s focus on the development of border areas, where half of the state’s area and one-third of its population reside. He emphasized the need to address challenges faced by remote border villages, such as poor connectivity, mountainous terrain, and infrastructural bottlenecks, which have led to out-migration. The government has initiated various programs, including the development of model village clusters, improving connectivity, and strengthening the agriculture sector, to promote all-round development of border areas. Khandu also mentioned the use of space technology, drones, and partnerships with voluntary organizations in the development efforts. With the active support of the central government, these initiatives have shown positive results, with some areas witnessing early signs of reverse migration. Arunachal Pradesh shares the longest international border in the country, stretching for 1,863 km, with 1,126 km bordering Tibet. Deputy Chief Minister Chowna Mein emphasized the need to address the lack of development and infrastructural bottlenecks that have led to significant out-migration from border villages. He highlighted the central government’s Vibrant Village Programme, which aims to bring vibrancy to 455 border villages through income-generating activities, connectivity, and social infrastructure improvements. Additionally, the Arunachal Pradesh government has launched the Golden Jubilee Border Village Illumination Programme, focusing on the electrification of 50 micro, mini, and small hydropower projects in 123 border villages, benefiting 10,185 people. These projects will also electrify 15 establishments of the Indian Army, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, and Border Roads Organisation, covering about 1,800 personnel.

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